NORTH EASTERN STATES:heaven still to be explored

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INTRODUCTION


As seen from front this land of unity in diversity looks great, but can one imagine the inner conditions of these different diversities? Starting from Kashmir to Kanyakumari & from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh having hundreds of religions, thousands of rituals, lakhs of followers & between these a no. Of problems still to deal with.

PROUD of 7 sister states:


After crossing the Siliguri Corridor(red mark in map)(less than 27 km stretch between Sikkim and Bangladesh) you will reach to the 7 dream destinations on this Earth. From the existance of natural beauty with the taste of one of the world’s spiciest chillies mixed up with the genetic heritance of music in the blood of north eastern states. Still these 7 sisters with newly added sikkim are never able to gain their place in media or in the government’s eye.


REASONS of coflicts in North East India:

  1. 98% of border is bounded by Bhutan,China,Bangladesh & Myanmar

  2. Insurgency in north eastern states

  3. Historical reasons – loosely administered under British India

  4. Tensions between these states and the central government

  5. Tensions between tribal people, who are natives of these states, and migrant peoples from other parts of India

  6. Geographical reasons – not well connected with present Indian mainland

  7. Environmental reasons

  8. Military reasons – AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Power Act)

Let us go through these problems one by one:

BORDER PROBLEM:


Being in contact with Bangladesh & Myanmar it has always been a problem for India to check trans-border movement of militants and prevent infiltration and cross-border crimes.

China has differing claim in Arunachal Pradesh. Along the westernmost corner, Chinese claim line lay 20 kms south and in the eastern most extreme of Arunachal Pradesh it lay 30 km south.

Government has already decided to seal Assam’s border with Bangladesh within two years.

Most parts of Assam’s 263-km-long border with Bangladesh are riverine.

In the latest aspect of updating NRC in Assam(we will have a complete article on NRC later) this problem is reflected in major proportion it actually got aggravated when the Government of India decided to open the floodgates for refugees seeking entrance for prople of Bangladesh.

INSURGENCY IN NORTH EASTERN STATES:


  1. Assam:- Assam separatist movements are insurgency movements operating in Northeast India’s oil-rich state of Assam. The conflict started in the 1970. The conflict has resulted in the deaths of 12,000 United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) members and 18000 others. • UNITED LIBERATION FRONT of ASSAM(ULFA): It seeks to establish a sovereign Assam with an armed struggle in the Assam conflict. The government of India banned the organisation in 1990 citing it as a terrorist organisation, while the United States Department of State lists it under “other groups of concern.”

  2. Manipur:- The rise of Naga nationalism in neighbouring Nagaland led to the emergence of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland(NSCN) activities in Manipur.

  3. Nagaland:- The NAGA Tribe is not homogeneous group, it consists of MaO, Sema, Angami, Ao etc. The basic problem which these tribes are dealing with a fight against themselves for the clearance of Supremacy. Fight with government to have a total independence.

  4. Arunachal Pradesh:- The National Liberation Council of Taniland(NLCT) is active along the Assam – Arunachal Pradesh border, and its members belong to the Tani groups of people which are demanding Taniland. • Tani group:- The Tani are a group of tribes from the Indian states of ArunachalPradesh and Assam and Tibet Autonomous Region of China which share common Tani language.

  5. So, basic problem with the north eastern states is after India’s independence these areas wanted their full independence & having full cantrol over the natural resources & under the government rule nobody can have cantrol over the natural resources.

HISTORICAL PROBLEMS:


  1. During the British rule Naga club was formed in 1918. This later turned in a bigger political council Naga National Council (NNC) which was formed in 1946.

  2. In june 1946 the uprising for the complete independence of these states took place where they demanded autonomy of naga hills.

  3. On may 18, 1947, government acceptes that after 10 years Naga will decide to join India or not.

  4. But as they demanded, Naga declared Independent Naga hills

on august 14, 1947 but Indian government suppressed the revolt.

  1. Nagaland was then completely a part of India on 1st dec 1963.

RELATIONS WITH GOVERNMENT:


  1. Part of voters:- Despite threats from insurgent militants groups in Northeast India, people turned out in large numbers for the Indian general election, 2014. Voter turnout in northeast India was best among all regions or states of India.

Total voting was 78.06%

  1. Part of government:- The Look East policy evolved into a tool for greater economic engagement with our eastern neighbours, and forging strategic partnerships and security cooperation with the countries of Southeast Asia and Far East – such as Vietnam and Japan. Our north eastern states should see this as an opportunity to expand their limits & reach to the outer world.

(Look east policy will be explained with the “INDIA’s relation in international organisations” topic)for an overview it is a practice which was began by India to make better contacts with the Eastern countries.

TENSION BETWEEN TRIBAL PEOPLE:-


Our north eastern states consist of a no. Of tribal groups as Naga tribe consists of MaO, Sema, Angami, Ao etc. These group have inter disputes of having complete power or supremacy among themselves, due to lack of bonding in internal relations any development or policy cannot work properly.

GEOGRAPHICAL PROBLEM:


These north eastern states are not connected to mainland which rises as a major part for all problems.

One of the top agendas of Central government is improving India’s North Eastern region’s connectivity with the mainland, as the region has immense potentialities to strengthen business ties with the Southeast Asian countries.

Recently, in a major push to develop the air connectivity in the region, SpiceJet launched a direct flight from Dibrugarh to Guwahati as a part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik’ (UDAAN) scheme.

AFSPA(Armed forces special power act)


Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts(AFSPA), are Acts of the Parliament of India that grant special powers to the Indian Armed Forces in each “disturbed areas“.

The Disturbed Areas Act, 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’, the area has to maintain status quo for a minimum of 3 months. One such Act passed on September 11, 1958 was applicable to the Naga Hills, then part of Assam. In the following decades it spread, one by one, to the other Seven Sister States in India’s northeast.

CONCLUSION:


Talking of the 7 sister states with sikkim brings in mind the rich bio-diversity of this land which can be explored as a bright tourist destinations. Being a tourism promoter to the look east policy of north eastern part can serve the best for India. The only thing required is to clear out the choking of bad blood and to work as a together India.

JAI HIND